Coastal zone production of IO precursors: a 2-dimensional study L. J. Carpenter1, K. Hebestreit2, U. Platt2, and P. S. Liss3 1Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, UK 2Institut f¨ur Umweltphysik, University of Heidelberg, INF 229, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany 3School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
Abstract. At Mace Head, Eire, in the coastal East Atlantic, diiodomethane has been identified as an
important precursor of iodine oxide radicals. Peak concentrations of both
CH2I2 and IO at low water indicate that the intertidal region is a strong source of organo-iodines. Atmospheric
measurements of CH2I2 made in marine air are compared with the concentrations predicted by a
2-dimensional model incorporating horizontal and vertical dispersion of surface emissions. The
model shows that micrometeorological variability, proximity of the site to emissions, and
photolysis all play important roles in determining the CH2I2 concentrations at Mace Head. In
addition to a tidal-height dependent intertidal flux, which was estimated from seaweed production
data, a contribution from offshore (non-local) sources was required in order to reproduce the
strong signature of photolysis in the CH2I2 observations. A combination of an offshore flux and
an intertidal flux (of up to 1.4 × 109 molecules cm-2s-1 at low water) results in good agreement
between the measured and modelled CH2I2 concentrations. Although this study does not
necessarily infer emission of CH2I2 from the open ocean, it suggests that air-sea exchange of
CH2I2 in coastal waters does occur.
Citation: Carpenter, L. J., Hebestreit, K., Platt, U., and Liss, P. S.: Coastal zone production of IO precursors: a 2-dimensional study, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 1, 9-18, doi:10.5194/acp-1-9-2001, 2001.